Population and Health Reading List

Reading List Summer 2014                                     




The following books provide a comprehensive overview of population studies.   Use these as “reference” guides to help synthesize/integrate the material, or perhaps as a starting point to provide an overview of Population Studies.  These textbooks also provide a review of topics related to demographic data, measures, and models.

Demeny P & McNicoll G, eds.  2003.  Encylclopedia of Population.  New York.  Macmillian Reference USA (2 volumes).  (Skim, on almost any topic)

Gordis, Leon. 2013.  Epidemiology. 5th edition.   Saunders

Palmore, James A. and Robert G. Gardner.  1994.  Measuring Mortality, Fertility, and Natural Increase: A Self-Teaching Guide to Elementary Measures.  Honolulu:  Population Institute: East West Center.

Preston, Samuel, Patrick Heuveline, and Michel Guillot. 2001. Demography: Measuring and Modeling Population Processes. Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers.

Poston, Dudley & Bouvier, Leon.  2010.  Population and Society: An Introduction to Demography.  Cambridge University Press.

Rowland, Donald.  Demographic Methods & Concepts.  Oxford University Press.

Siegel, Jacob S. and David A. Swanson, eds. 2004. The Methods and Materials of Demography. Second edition. New York: Elsevier.


Demographic Trends and Stats

Population Reference Bureau.  www.prb.org.  World Population Data Sheet (current stats and trends for all nations).  Downloadable PDF, updated annually.


Population Dynamics & Theories

-          Major concepts to be very familiar with:  Demographic Transition & Epidemiologic Transition


Bongaarts, John.  1996.  “Population Pressure and Food Supply in the Developing World.”  Population and Development Review.  22:  483-504.

Boserup, Ester. 1976.  “Environment, Population, and Technology in Primitive Societies.”  Population and Development Review. 2: 21-36. 

Caldwell, J.  2004.  “Demographic Theory: The Long View.  Population & Development Review, 30 (2): 297-316.

Coale, Ansley.  “How a Population Ages or Grows Younger”  Reprinted in K. Kammeyer, Population Studies, 2nd edition.  33-41 .  OR in S. W. Menard and E. W. Moen, Perspectives on Population: An Introduction to Concepts and Issues.  Oxford: Oxford University Press.  365-369.  OR in Ronald Freedman Population: A Vital Revolution.  Garden City, NY:  Anchor Books, pg 47-58.

Coale, Ansley.  1957.  “How the Age Distribution of a Human Population is Determined”  reprinted in Nathan Keyfitz & David Smith Mathematical Demography. Springer: Berlin.  167-172.

Cohen, Joel E.  1995.  How Many People Can the Earth Support?  New York: WW Norton.   (especially “Chapter 5: Human Population History”)

Cutler, D & Miller, G.  2005.  “The role of Public Health Improvements in Health Advances: The 21st Century  United States.”  Demography, 42 (1): 1-22.

Cutler, D, Deaton, A, Lleras-Muney, A.  2006.  “The determinants of mortality.”  Journal of Economic Perspectives, 20 (6): 97-120.

Dyson, Tim.  2012.  “Causes and Consequences of Skewed Sex Ratios” Annual Review of Sociology, 38: 443-461.. 

Easterlin, Richard A.  1996.  Growth Triumphant: The 21st Century in Historical Perspective.  Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

Edwards, R. & Tuljapurkar, S.  2005.  “Inequality in life spans and a new perspective on mortality convergence across industrialized countries.”  Population and Development Review, 31 (4): 741-764.

Gutmann, Myron, Deane, Glenn; Merchant, Emily; Sylvester, Kenneth.  2011.  “Introduction.”  In Navigating Time and Space in Population Studies: International Studies in Population, 9: 1-17.

Heuveline, P, Guillot, M, Gwatkin, D.  2003.  “The uneven tide of health transition.”  Social Science and Medicine, 55 (2): 313-322.

Kent, Mary & Carl Haub.  2005.  “Global Demographic Divide.”  Population Bulletin. 60: 4.  See Population Reference Bureau website.  http://www.prb.org/

Keyfitz, Nathan.  1996. Population Growth, Development and the Environment.”  Population Studies. 50: 335-359.

Kirk, Dudley. 1996.  “Demographic Transition Theory” Population Studies. 50: 361-387.

Malthus, Thomas. 1798. “An Essay on the Principle of Population Growth.”  Reprinted in Louise B. Young Population in Perspective.  New York: Oxford University Press: 92-112.

McKeown, Thomas.  1976.  The Modern Rise of Population.  London: Academic Press.

Olshansky SJ, Ault AB. 1986. “The fourth stage of the epidemiologic transition: The age of delayed degenerative diseases.” Milbank Quarterly 64(3): 355-391.

Omran, Abdel R. 1971. “The epidemiologic transition: A theory of the epidemiology of population change.” Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly 49(4): 509-38. Or (2005) The Milbank Quarterly. 83(4): 731-757.

Palmore, Erdmore. 1978. “When Can Age, Period and Cohort be Separated?” Social Forces 1: 282-295.

Riley, J. 2005. “The timing and pace of health transitions around the world.” Population & Development Review 31(4):741-764.

Rogers, Richard G., and Robert Hackenberg. 1989. “Extending epidemiologic transition theory: A new stage.” Social Biology 34(3-4): 234-43.

Ryder, Norman B.  1964.  “Notes on the Concept of a Population.”  American Journal of Sociology.  69:  447-463.

Soars, R.  2007.  “On the determinants of mortality reductuions in the developing world.”  Population and Development Review, 33 (2): 247-288

Salomon, J. & C. Murray.  2002. “The Epidemiologic Transition Revisited.” Population & Development Review 28 (2):205-28.

Tienda, Marta.  2002.  “Demography and the Social Contract.”  Demography. 39: 587-616.

Watkins, Susan Cotts.  1993.  “If All We Knew About Women is What We Read in Demography”  Demography. 30: 551-577.


 Family  -  Causes and Consequences of Demographic Change

Bumpass, Larry L. 1990. “What’s Happening to the Family? Interactions Between Demographic and Institutional Change.” Demography 27:483-498.

Bumpass, Larry L., and Hsien-Hen Lu. 2000. “Trends in cohabitation and implications for children's

family contexts in the United States.” Population Studies 54:29–41.

Cherlin, Andrew J. 2006. Marriage, Divorce, Remarriage. Enlarged revised edition. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

Cherlin, Andrew J. 2004. “The deinstitutionalization of American marriage.” Journal of Marriage and Family 66:848-861.

Federici N, Mason KO, Sogner S (eds.), Women’s Position and Demographic Change, Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon Pres, pp. 190-212.

Goldstein, J. R. 1999.  “The Leveling of Divorce in the United States.” Demography 36:409-414

Goldstein, Joshua R. And Catherine T. Kenney. 2001. “Marriage Delayed or Marriage Forgone? New Cohort Forecasts of First Marriage for U.S. Women.” American Sociological Review 66:506-519.

Lichter, Daniel T., Diane K. McLaughlin, George Kephart, and David J. Landry. 1992. “Race and the retreat from marriage: a shortage of marriageable men?” American Sociological Review 57:781-799

Moore, Mignon R.  and Michael Stambolis-Ruhstorfer. 2013. “LGBT Sexuality and Families at the Start of the Twenty-First Century.”Annual Review of Sociology 39: 491-507

Oppenheimer, Valerie K. 1997. “Women’s employment and the gain to marriage: The specialization and trading model.” Annual Review of Sociology 23:431-453.

Ruggles, Steven.  1997.  “The Rise of Divorce and Separation in the United States, 1880-1990.” Demography 34:455-466.  See also comments in same issue. 

Ruggles, Steven.  2012.  The Future of Historical Family Demography.  Annual Review of Sociology, 28: 423-441.

Seltzer, Judith A., Christine A. Bachrach, Suzanne M. Bianchi, Caroline H. Bledsoe, Lynne M. Casper, P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale, Thomas A. DiPrete, V. Joseph Hotz, S. Philip Morgan, Seth G. Sanders and Duncan Thomas. 2005. “Explaining Family Change and Variation: Challenges for Family Demographers.” Journal of Marriage and Family 67:908-925.

Seltzer, Judith A. and Suzanne M. Bianchi. 2013. “Demographic Change and Parent-Child Relationships in Adulthood.” Annual Review of Sociology 39: 275-290

Smock, Pamela J. 2000. “Cohabitation in the United States: An Appraisal of Research Themes, Findings, and Implications.” Annual Review of Sociology 26:1-20.

Sweeney, Megan M. and Julie A. Phillips. 2004. “Understanding Racial Differences in Marital Disruption: Recent Trends and Explanations.” Journal of Marriage and Family 66: 639-650.

Thornton, Arland.  2001. “The Developmental Paradigm: Reading History Sideways and Family Change.”  Demography. 38: 449-466.

Watkins, Susan C., Jane A. Menken, and John Bongaarts. 1987. “Demographic Foundations of Family Change.” American Sociological Review 52:346-358.

Demography is the study of three social processes that influence the composition, change, and size of

Each of these concepts is discussed separately in its own subsection.


There are additional sections on:



Readings related to FAMILY are interspersed across all sections.




History, Trends, Theories

-          See sections above called “Population Dynamics &Population Theories” – particularly the readings related to  Demographic Transition and Epidemiologic Transition


Caldwell JC.  2001. “Demographers and the study of mortality: Scope, perspectives, and theory.   Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 954: 19-34.

Carnes, B.A., Olshansky, J.S. and Grahn D. 1996. Continuing the search for a law of mortality. Population and Development Review. 22:231-264.

Cossman, J. et al. 2007. “Persistent clusters of mortality in the United States.” American Journal of Public Health 97: 2148-150.

Cutler, D. & G. Miller, 2005. “The role of public health improvements in health advances: the twentieth-century US.” Demography 42 (1, Feb):1-22.

Edwards, R. & S. Tuljapurkar. 2005 “Inequality in life spans and a new perspective on mortality convergence across industrialized countries” Population & Development Review 31(4):645-674.

Hill, K. 2008 “Low-cost routes to good health: A review essay.” Population & Development Review 34(4): 777-97.

McKeown, Thomas, R. G. Record, R. D. Turner. 1975. “An interpretation of the decline of mortality in England and Wales during the twentieth century.” Population Studies 29(3):391-422.

McMichael A., McKee M., Shkolnikov V. and Volkonen T. 2004. “Mortality trends and setbacks: global convergence or divergence?” The Lancet. 363(9415) 1155-1159.

Murray, C & Chen L.  1993.  “In search of contemporary theory for understanding mortality change.  Social Science & Medicine, 3 (2): 143-155.

Soares, R.  2007. “On the determinants of mortality reductions in the developing world.” Population & Development Review 33(2): 247-87.

White, K. & S. Preston. 1996. “How many Americans are alive because of twentieth-century improvement in mortality?” Population & Development Review 22:415-29.



Measurement, Data, Analysis

Arriaga EE.  1984. “Measuring and explaining change in life expectancies.” Demography 21(1): 83-96.

Benjamins, M., R. Hummer, I. Eberstein, & C. Nam. 2004.  “Self reported health and adult mortality risk: An analysis of cause-specific mortality.” Social Science & Medicine 59(6):1297-1306.

Das Gupta P. 1993. Standardization and Decomposition of Rates: A User’s Manual (Current Population Reports, Special Studies, P23-186. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of the Census.

Mathers CD, Fat DM, Inoue M, Rao C, Lopez AD.  2005. “Counting the dead and what they died from: An assessment of the global status of cause of death data.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 83: 171-177.

Meslé F, Vallin J.  1984. “The problem of studying mortality patterns by cause over a long period of time.” In Vallin J, Pollard JH, Heligman L (eds.), Methodologies for the Collection and Analysis of Mortality Data, Liège, Belgium: Ordina, pp. 449-490.

Myers GC, Manton KG. 1983. “Accuracy of death certification.” In Proceedings of the Social Statistics Section, American Statistical Association, pp. 321-330. Reprinted in Bogue DJ, Arriaga EE, Anderton DL (eds.), Readings in Population Research Methodology, vol. 2, chap. 7, pp. 14-18.

Preston SH, Elo I, Stewart Q. 1999. “Effects of age misreporting on mortality estimates at older ages.” Population Studies 53(2): 165-177.

Rosenwaike, I. & L. Stone.  2003. “Verification of the ages of supercentenarians in the United States: Results of a matching study.” Demography 40 (4):727-739.

Wilmoth JR. 2005. “Some methodological issues in mortality projection, based on an analysis of the U.S. social security system.” Genus 61(1): 179-211.



Infant & Child Mortality

-          See also the  “Health” list for readings related to differentials in child health and mortality


Baird, S, Friedman, J, Schady, N.  (2011).  “Aggregate Income Shocks and Infant Mortality in the Developing World.”  The Review of Economics and Statistics, 93 (3).  847-856.

Bongaarts, John.  1987.  “Does Family Planning Reduce Infant Mortality Rates?”  Population and Development Review.  12: 323-334.  (also see comments by James Trussel & Joseph Potter and reply by Bongaarts in PDR, 14: 171-190) 

David, R. & J. Collins.  2007. “Disparities in infant mortality: what’s genetics got to do with it?” American Journal of Public Health 97(7):1191-197.

Garenne, M, Gakusi, E.  2006.  “Health Transitions in Sub-Saharan Africa: An Overview of Mortality Trends in Children under 5 years old (1950-2000).  Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 84 (6): 470-478.

Hill K, Pebley A.  1989. “Child mortality in the developing world.” Population and Development Review 15(4): 657-687.

MacDorman, Marian.  2011.  “Race and Ethnic Disparities in Fetal Mortality, Preterm Birth, and Infant Mortality in the US:  An Overview.”  Seminars in Perinatology, 35 (4): 200-208.

Wise, Paul H. 2003.  “The anatomy of a disparity in infant mortality.” Annual Review of Public Health 24:341-62.



Adult Mortality

-          See “Aging” list for readings on life span and life expectancy.

-          See  “Social Context of Health” list for readings related to mortality/health differentials




-          See sections above called “Population Dynamics &Population Theories” – particularly the readings related to  Demographic Transition


Frameworks and Theories 

Axinn, William G. and Jennifer S. Barber. 2001. "Mass Education and Fertility Transition." American Sociological Review 66:481-505.

Bongaarts, John. 1978. "A Framework for Analyzing the Proximate Determinants of Fertility." Population and Development Review 4:104-132.

Bongaarts, John and Griffith Feeney. 1998. “On the Quantum and Tempo of Fertility.” Population and Development Review 24: 271-291.

Bongaarts, John 1999. “The fertility impact of changes in the timing of childbearing in the developing world.” Population Studies 53: 277-290.

Bongaarts, J. 2006. “The Causes of Stalling Fertility Transitions.” Studies in Family Planning 37(1):1-16.

Caldwell, John C. 1976. "Toward a Restatement of Demographic Transition Theory." Population and Development Review 2:321-366.

Caldwell, John C. 1997. "Global Fertility Transition: Need for Unifying Theory." Population and Development Review 23:803-812.

Caldwell, John C. 2004. "Demographic Theory: A Long View." Population and Development Review 30.

Cleland, John and Chris Wilson. 1987. "Demand Theories of the Fertility Transition: An Iconoclastic View." Population Studies 41:5-30.

Davis, Kingsley. 1963. "The Theory of Change and Response in Modern Demographic History." Population Index 29:345-366.

Davis, Kingsley and Judith Blake. 1956. "Social Structure and Fertility: An Analytic Framework." Economic Development and Cultural Change 4:211-235.

Easterlin, Richard. 1975. "An Economic Framework for Fertility Analysis." Studies in Family Planning 6:54-63.

Friedman, Debra, Michael Hechter, and Satoshi Kanazawa. 1994. "A Theory of the Value of Children." Demography 31:375-401.

Hirschman, Charles. 1994. "Why Fertility Changes." Annual Review of Sociology 20:203-233.

Lesthaeghe, Ron, and Johan Surkyn. 1988. "Cultural Dynamics and Economic Theories of Fertility Change." Population and Development Review 14:1-45.

Mason, Karen Oppenheim. 1997. "Explaining Fertility Transitions." Demography 34:443-454.

Mason, Karen Oppenheim. 2001. “Gender and Family Systems in the Fertility Transition.” Population and Development Review 27 (Supplement):160-176.

McDonald, Peter. 2000. “Gender Equity in Theories of Fertility Transition.” Population and Development Review 26(3):427-439.

Montgomery, Mark R. and John B. Casterline. 1996. "Social Influence, Social Learning and New Models of Fertility." Population and Development Review 22:151-175.

Robinson, Warren C. 1997. “The Economic Theory of Fertility Over Three Decades,” Population Studies 51:63-74.

Wilson, Chris, Jim Oeppen, and Mike Pardoe. 1988. “What is natural fertility? The modeling of a concept.” Population Index 54:4–20.

Wilson, Chris. 1999. "Evolutionary Theory and Historical Ferility Change." Population and Development Review 25:531-541.


The Second Demographic Transition & Below-Replacement Fertility

Billari, Francesco C., and Hans-Peter Kohler. 2004. "Patterns of Low and Lowest-Low Fertility in Europe." Population Studies 58:161-176.

Bongaarts, John, and Susan Cotts Watkins. 1996. "Social Interactions and Contemporary Fertility Transitions." Population and Development Review 22:639-682.

Bongaarts, John. 1998. "Demographic Consequences of Declining Fertility." Science 282:419-420.

—. 2002. "The End of the Fertility Transition in the Developed World." Population and Development Review 28:419-443.

Caldwell, John C., and Thomas Schindlmayr. 2003. "Explanations of the Fertility Crisis in Modern Societies: A Search for Commonalities." Population Studies 57:241-263.

Demeny, Paul. 2004. "Population Futures for the Next Three Hundred Years: Soft Landing or Surprises to Come?" Population and Development Review 30.

Jones, Gavin W. 2007. “Delayed Marriage and Very Low Fertility in Pacific Asia.” Population and Development Review 33(3):453-478.

Lavely, William and Ronald Freedman.1990. The origins of the Chinese fertility decline. Demography 27:357-367.

Lesthaeghe, Ron. 1995. "The Second Demographic Transition in Western Countries: An Interpretation." Pp. 17-62 in Gender and Family Change in Industrialized Countries, edited by K. O. M. a. A.-M. Jensen. Oxford: Clarenden Press.

McLanahan, Sara.  2004.  “Diverging Destinies: Children and the Second Demographic Transition.” Demography. 41: 607-627.

Morgan, S. Phillip & Miles Taylor.  2005.  “Low Fertility at the Turn of the 21st Century.”  Annual Review of Sociology, 32: 375-399.

Van da Kaa, Dirk J. 1987. "Europe's Second Demographic Transition." Population Bulletin 42.

van de Walle, Etienne and John Knodel. 1980. "Europe's Fertility Transition: New Evidence and Lessons for Today's Developing World." Population Bulletin 34:6.


Fertility Preferences and Family Planning

Bongaarts, John. 1997. "Trends in Unwanted Childbearing in the Developing World." Studies in Family Planning 28:267-277.

Brien, Michael J., Lee A. Lillard, and Linda J. Waite. 1999. “Interrelated Family-Building Behaviors:

Cohabitation, Marriage, and Nonmarital Conception.” Demography 36:535-551.

Casterline, John B. and Steve W. Sinding. 2000. “Unmet Need for Family Planning in Developing Countries & Implications for Population Policy.” Population & Development Review 26(4):691-723.

Cleland J. et al.  2006. Family planning: The unfinished agenda. The Lancet 368:1810-1827.

Freedman, Ronald. 1997. "Do Family Planning Programs Affect Fertility Preferences?  A Literature Review." Studies in Family Planning 28:1-13.

Kravda, Oystein. 2002. "Education and Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa." Demography 39:233-250.

Mason, Karen Oppenheim. 1987. "The Impact of Women's Social Position on Fertility in Developing Countries," Sociological Forum 2:718-745.

Morgan, S. Philip and R.B. King. 2001. "Why Have Children in the 21st Century?   Biological Predispositions, Social Coercion, Rational Choice.  ." European Journal of Population 17:3-20.

Seltzer, Judith A. 2000. “Families Formed Outside of Marriage.” Journal of Marriage and Family 62:1247-1268.

Schoen, Robert, Young Kim, Constance A. Nathanson, Jason Fields, and Nan M. Astone. 1997. "Why Do Americans Want Children?" Population and Development Review 23:333-358.




Overview & Background

-          These are good books to skim/read for general background


Hirschman, Charles, Josh DeWind, and Philip Kasinitz. 1999.  The Handbook of International Migration: The American Experience.  New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Massey. Douglas S., Nolan J. Malone, and Jorge Durand. 2003.  Beyond Smoke and Mirrors: Mexican Immigration in an Era of Economic Integration.  New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Piore, Michael. 1979.  Birds of Passage: Migrant Labor and Industrial Societies.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 


Theories of Immigration and Migration

Bean, Frank D., and Gillian Stevens. 2003. "Migration Flows, Theories and Contexts." Pp. 16-41 in America's Newcomers and the Dynamics of Diversity. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Bilsborrow, Richard E., Thomas M. McDevitt, Sherrie Koussoudji, and Richard Fuller. 1987. “The Impact of Origin Community Characteristics on Rural-Urban Out-Migration in a Developing Country,” Demography 24(2):191-210.

De Haas, Hein. 2010. “Migration and Development: A Theoretical Perspective.” International Migration Review 44(1):227-264.

Durand, Jorge, Emilio A. Parrado, and Douglas Massey. 1996. "Migradollars and Development: A Reconsideration of the Mexican Case." International Migration Review 30:423-444.

Durand, Jorge, William Kandel, Emilio A. Parrado, and Douglas S. Massey. 1996. “International Migration and Development in Mexican Communities,” Demography 33(2):249-64. 

Fisher, Peter, Reiner Martin, and Thomas Straubhaar. 1997. "Interdependencies between Development and Migration." in International Migration, Immobility, and Development: Multidisciplinary Perspectives, edited by T. Hammer, Grete Brochman, Kristof Tomas, and Thomas Faist. Oxford, UK: Berg Press.

Fussell, Elizabeth and Douglas S. Massey. 2004. "The Limits to Cumulative Causation: International Migration from Mexican Urban Areas." Demography 41:151-171.

Kandel, William and Douglas S. Massey. 2002. "The Culture of Mexican Migration: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis." Social Forces 80:981-1004.

Lee, Everett S. 1966. "A Theory of Migration." Demography 3:47-57.

Martin, Philip L. and J. Edward Taylor (1996) The Anatomy of a Migration Hump. J.   Edward Taylor ed., Development Strategy, Employment, and Migration: Insights fromModels. Paris: OECD, pp. 43-62.

Massey, Douglas S. 1990. "Social Structure, Household Strategies, and the Cumulative Causation of Migration." Population Index 56:3-26.

Massey, Douglas, Arango Joaquin, Graeme Hugo, Ali Kouaouci, Adela Pellegrino and J. Edward Taylor. 1993.  "Theories of International Migration: A Review and Appraisal." Population and Development Review 19:431-466

Massey, Douglas S., and Kristin E. Espinosa. 1997. “What’s Driving Mexico-U.S. Migration? A Theoretical, Empirical, and Policy Analysis,” American Journal of Sociology 102(4):939-999.

Portes A & Borocz J. 1989. “Contemporary immigration: Theoretical perspectives on its determinants and modes of incorporation” International Migration Review 23:606-630.

Skeldon R. 2008. “International migration as a tool in development policy: A passing phase?” Population and Development Review 34:1-18.

Stark, Oded and David Bloom. 1985. "The New Economics of Labor Migration." American Economic Review 75:173-178.

Stark, Oded and J. Edward Taylor. 1989. "Relative Deprivation and Internal Migration.” " Demography 26:1-14.

Zelinsky, Wilbur. 1971. "The Hypothesis of the Mobility Transition." Geographic Review 61:219-249.



Migration Patterns and Trends

Coleman, David.  2006. “Immigration and Ethnic Change in Low-Fertility Countries: A Third Demographic Transition,” Population and Development Review 32(3):401-446.

Donato, Katherine & Amanda Armenta.  2011.  “What we Know About Unauthorized Migration”  Annual Review of Sociology, 37: 529-543.

Feliciano, Cynthia. 2005. "Educational Selectivity in U.S. Immigration: How Do Immigrants Compare to Those Left Behind." Demography 42:131-152.

Hirschman, Charles. 2005. "Immigration and the American Century." Demography 42:595-620.

Lichter, Daniel T. and Kenneth M. Johnson. 2009.  “Immigrant Gateways and Hispanic Migration to New Destinations.” International Migration Review 43(3):496-518.

Lee, Jennifer & Frank Bean.  2004.  “America’s Changing Color Lines:  Immigration, Race/Ethnicity, and Multiracial Identification.” Annual Review of Sociology, 30: 221-242.

McNeill, William. 1984. "Human Migration in Historical Perspective." Population and Development Review 10:1-18.

Portes, Alejandro and Ruben G. Rumbaut. 1996. Immigrant America: A Portrait: University of California Press.

Singer, Audrey. 2004. “The Rise of New Immigrant Gateways,” Living Cities Census Series Paper. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution. 

Wen, Ming and Danhua Lin. 2011. “Child Development in Rural China: Children Left Behind by

Their  Migrant Parents and Children of Nonmigrant Families,” Child Development


Zuniga, Victor, and Ruben Hernandez-Leon. 2005. New Destinations: Mexican Immigration in the United States. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.



Internal Migration and Residential Mobility

Clark, WAV and Suzanne Davies Withers. 2002. “Disentangling the Interaction of Migration, Mobility, and Labor-Force Participation.” Environment and Planning A 34:923-945.

Crowder, Kyle D. and Scott J. South. 2005. “Race, Class and Changing Patterns of Migration between Poor and Nonpoor Neighborhoods,” American Journal of Sociology 111(6):1715-1763.

Frey, William. 1996. “Immigrant, Domestic Migration, and Demographic Balkanization in America: New Evidence for the 1990s.” Population and Development Review 22(4):741-763. 

Geist, Claudia and Patricia A. McManus. 2008. “Geographic Mobility over the Life Course: Motivations and Implications.” Population, Space and Place 14(4):283-303.

Korinek, Kim, Barbara Entwisle and Aree Jampaklay. 2005. “Through Thick and Thin: Layers of Social Ties and Urban Settlement among Thai Migrants.” American Sociological Review 70(5):779-800.

Landale, Nancy S. and Avery M. Guest. 1985. “Constraints, Satisfaction and Residential Mobility: Speare’s Model Reconsidered.” Demography 22(2):199-222.

Lee, Barrett, R.S. Oropesa, and James W. Kanan. 1994. "Neighborhood Context and Residential Mobility." Demography 31:249-270.

Sampson, Robert J., and Patrick Sharkey. 2008. “Neighborhood Selection and the Social Reproduction of Concentrated Racial Inequality.” Demography 45(1):1-29.

South, Scott J and Kyle D. Crowder. 1997. “Escaping Distressed Neighborhoods: Individual, Community and Metropolitan Influences.” American Journal of Sociology 102(4):1040-1084.

Speare, Alden. 1974. “Residential Satisfaction as an Intervening Variable in Residential Mobility.” Demography 11(2):173-188.

Todaro, Michael. 1980 “Internal Migration in Developing Countries: A Survey,” in Population and Economic Change in Developing Countries, Richard A. Easterlin (Ed), Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 

Vanwey, Leah K. 2005. “Land Ownership as a Determinant of International and Internal Migration in Mexico and Internal Migration in Thailand,” International Migration Review 39(1):141-172.

Wright, Richard A., Mark Ellis and Michael Reibel. 1998. “The Linkage Between Immigration and Internal Migration in Large Metropolitan Areas in the United States.” Economic Geography 73(2):234-253.


Gender and Family in the Migration Process

Carter, Marion. 2000. "Fertility of Mexican Immigrant Women in the U.S.: A Closer Look." Social Science Quarterly 81:1071-1086.

Cerrutti, Marcela, and Douglas S. Massey. 2001. “On the Auspices of Female Migration from Mexico to the United States,” Demography 38(2):187-200. 

Curran, Sara R. and Estela Rivero-Fuentes. 2003. "Engendering Migrant Networks: The Case of Mexican Migration." Demography 40:289-307.

Foner, Nancy & Joanna Dreby.  2011.  Relations Between the Generations in Immigrant Families.  Annual Review of Sociology.  Vol 37: 545-564.

Geist, Claudia and Patricia A. McManus. 2012. “Different Reasons, Different Results: Implications of Migration by Gender and Family Status.” Demography 49(1):197-217.

Hagan, John, Ross MacMillan and Blair Wheaton. 1996. “New Kid in Town: Social Capital and the Life Course Effects of Family Migration on Children.” American Sociological Review 61(3):368-385.

Herrera, Gioconda. 2013. “Gender and International Migration: Contributions and Cross-Fertilizations.” Annual Review of Sociology 39: 471-489

Menjivar, Cecilia. 1997. "Immigrant Kinship Networks and the Impact of the Receiving Context: Salvadorans in San Francisco in the Early 1990s." Social Problems 44:104-123.

Palloni, Alberto, Douglas S. Massey, Miguel Ceballos, Kristin Espinosa, and Michael Spittel. 2001. “Social Capital and International Migration: A Test Using Information on Family Networks,” American Journal of Sociology 106(5):1262-98. 

Parrado, Emilio A. and Chenoa A. Flippen. 2005. “Migration and Gender among Mexican Women,” American Sociological Review 70(4):606-632. 

Parrado, Emilio A., Chenoa A. Flippen, and Chris McQuiston. 2005. “Migration and Relationship Power among Mexican Women,” Demography 42(2): 34-72. 

Pessar, Patricia R. 1999. "The Role of Gender, Households, and Social Networks in the Migration Process: A Review and Appraisal." in The Handbook of International Migration, edited by C. Hirschman, Philip Kasinitz, and Josh DeWind. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Sassen-Koob, Saskia. 1984. “Notes on the Incorporation of Third World Women into Wage-Labor Through Immigration and Off-Shore Production,” International Migration Review 18(4):1144-1167.





Trends, Causes, and Consequences

Andrews, G. and Clark, M.J. 1999. The international year of older persons: Putting aging and research onto the policy agenda. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences. 54:7-10.

Bengtsson, T.  and Scott, K.  2011.  “Population Aging and the Future of the Welfare State: The Example of Sweden”  Population and Development Review, 37 (s1): 158-170.

Bongaarts, J. 2004.  Population aging and the rising costs of public pensions.  Population and Development Review. 30:1-23.

Getzen, T.E. 1992. Population aging and the growth of health expenditures.  Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences. 47:98-104.

Guralnik, Jack M., Machiko Yanagishita, and Edward L. Schneider. 1988. "Projecting the Older Population of the United States: Lessons from the Past and Prospects for the Future." The Millbank Quarterly. 66: 283-308.

Kinsella, K., and Phillips, D.R. 2005. "Global aging: The challenge of success." Population Bulletin 60:1-40.

Kinsella, K. 2001. Urban and rural dimensions of global population aging: An overview.  The Journal of Rural Health.  17:314-322.

Knodel, John, and Mary Beth Ofstadel. 2003. "Gender and aging in the developing world: Where are the men." Population and Development Review 29(4):677-698.

Olshansky, S. Jay; et al.  2009.  Aging in America in the 21st Century:  Demographic Forecasts from the MacArthur Foundation Research Network on an Aging Society.  Millbank Quarterly, 87 (4):  842-862. 

Pallin, DJ, Allen, M B, Espinola, JA, Camargo, CA, Bohan, JS.  2013.  “Population Aging and Emergency Departments: Visits will not increase, lengths-of-stay and hospitalizations will.”  Health Affairs,  32 (7): 1306-1312.

Preston, SH and Stokes, A.  2012.  “Sources of Population Aging in More and Less Developed Countries.  Population and Development Review, 38 (2): 221-236.

Preston, Samuel H.  1984.  “Children and Elderly: Divergent Paths for America’s Dependents.” Demography. 21: 435-457.

Preston, S., Himes, C., Eggers, M. 1989. “Demographic conditions responsible for population aging.”  Demography.  26:691-704.

Robine, J.M. and Michel, J.P. 2004. “Looking forward to a general theory on population aging.” Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences 59: 590-597.

Sanderson, W.C, Scherbov, S.  2013.  “The Characteristics Approach to the Measurement of Population Aging”  Population and Development Review, 39 (4): 673-685.

Uhlenberg, Peter.  2009.   “Population aging” in International Handbook of Population Aging, edited by P. Uhlenberg. New York: Springer.


Longevity, Lifespan, Life Expectancy

Baringa, Marica. 1991. “How Long is the Human Life Span?” Science. 254: 936-938.

Bongaarts, J. 2006.  “How long will we live?” Population & Development Review 32(4):605-628.

Bongaarts, J.  2010.  “Trends in Senescent Life Expectancy”  Population Studies, 63 (3).

Carnes, B. & J. Olshansky. 2007.  “A realist view of aging, mortality, and future longevity.” Population & Development Review 33(2): 367-81.

Costa, D. 2005.  “Causes of improving health and longevity at older ages: A review of the explanations.” Genus 61 (#1):21-38.

Dupre, Matthew E., Guangya Liu, and Danan Gu. 2008. "Predictors of longevity: Evidence from the oldest old in China." American Journal of Public Health 98(7):1203-1208.

Fries, J. F. 1983.  “The compression of morbidity.”  The MIllbank Memorial Fund Quarterly, 61 (3): 397-419.

Fries, James F. 1980. "Aging, Natural Death, and the Compression of Morbidity," New England Journal of Medicine. 303: 130-135.

Garbiotti, Gilda; Ken Smith; Richard Kerber; Kenneth Boucher.  2006.  “Longevity and Correlated Frailty in Multigenerational Families”  Journal of Gerontology: Series A: 61 (12): 1253-1261.

Kerber, Richard.  Elizabeth O’Brien, Ken Smith, Richard Cawthon.  2001.  “Familial Excess Longevity in Utah Genealogies”  Journal of Gerontology: Series A.  56 (3): B130-139.

Manton, Kenneth, Eric Stollard and H. Dennis Tolley. 1991. "Limits to Human Life Expectancy: Evidence, Prospects and Limitations," Population and Development Review. December: 603-637.  

Myers, George C. and Kenneth G. Manton. 1984. “Compression of Mortality: Myth or Reality.” The Gerontologist. 24: 346-353.

Olshansky, J, et al.  2005.  “A potential decline in life expectancy in the United States in the 21st century.” New England Journal of Medicine 352:1138-1145. (Plus critical editorial by Sam Preston)

Olshansky, J., B. Carnes, & J. Brody. 2002. “A biodemographic interpretation of life span.” Population & Development Review 28(3):501-513.

Olshansky, S. Jay, Bruce A. Carnes, and Christine K. Cassel. 1990. "In Search of Methuselah: Estimating the Upper Limits to Human Longevity." Science. 250: 634-640.

Oeppen J. and Vaupel J. 2002. “Broken limits to life expectancy.” Science 296(May 10): 1029-1031

Rau, R., et al. 2008 “Continued reductions in mortality at advanced ages.” Population & Development Review 34(4): 747-68.

Riley JC. 2005. “Estimates of regional and global life expectancy, 1800-2001.” Population and  Development Review 31(3): 537-543.

Smith, KR, Mineau, G, Bean, L.  2002.  “Fertility and Post-Reproductive Longevity.”  Biodemograpjhy and Social Biology, 49(3-4): 185-205.

Smith, D. & B. Bradshaw. 2006 “Variation in life expectancy during the twentieth century in the United States.” Demography 43 (#4, Nov):647-657.

Vallin, J. & F. Mesle. 2005. “Convergences and divergences: an analytical framework of national and sub-national trends in life expectancy.” Genus 61 (#1):83-124.

Wilmoth JR. 1998. “The future of human longevity: A demographer’s perspective.” Science 280: 395-397. (See also the letters about this article and response), Science 281:1611-1615.

Excerpts from -- Between Zeus and the Salmon: Biodemography of Longevity.  Washington DC:  National Academy Press. – such as “The evolution of the human life course”


Compression of Morbidity & Disability

Crimmins EM, Hayward MD, Saito Y. 1996. Differentials in active life expectancy in the older population of the United States. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences. 51B(3):111-120.

Ferrucci L, Guralnik JM, Simonsick E, Salive ME, Corti C, Longlois J. 1996. Progressive versus catastrophic disability: A longitudinal view of the disablement process. Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences 51(3):123-130.

Freedman V.A. et. al., 2004. Resolving inconsistencies in trends in old-age disability: Report from a technical working group. Demography. 41:417-441.

Fried, Linda P., and Jack M. Guralnik. 1997. "Disability in older adults: Evidence regarding significance, etiology, and risk." Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 45:92-100.

Guralnik, Jack; Linda Fried, Marcel Salive.  1996.  “Disability as a Public Health Outcome in an Aging Population”  Annual Review of Public Health: 17: 25-46.

Grundy E, Glaser K. 2000. Socio-demographic differences in the onset and progression of disability in early old age: A longitudinal study.  Age and Ageing 29:149-157.

Jagger C, Barberger-Gateau P, Robine JM. 2005. Disability in older people: Indicators, process and outcomes. Disability and Rehabilitation 27(5):209-212.

Kaplan, G.A. 1991. Epidemiological observations on the compression of morbidity.  Journal of Aging and Health. 3: 155-171.

Lunney, J R., Joanne Lynn, Daniel J. Foley, Steven Lipson, & JM Guralinik. 2003. "Patterns of functional decline at the end of life." Journal of the American Medical Association 289(18):2387-2392.

Manton, K, Gu, X, Lamb, V.  2006.  “Long Term Trends in Life Expectancy and Active Life Expectancy in the United States.”  Population and Development Review, 32 (1): 81-105.

Schoeni, R.F., Freedman, V.A. and Wallace, R.B. 2001. Persistent, consistent, widespread and robust? Another look at recent trends in old-age disability. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences. 206-218.

Verbrugge LM, Jette AM. 1994. The Disablement Process. Social Science and Medicine 38(1):1-14.



Family Dynamics in the Context of an Aging Population

Bongaarts, John, and Zachary Zimmer. 2002. "Living arrangements of the elderly in the developing world: An analysis of DHS household surveys." Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences 57(1):S145-S157.

Carr, Deborah and Rebecca Utz.  2002. “Late-Life Widowhood in the United States: New Direction in Research and Theory.”  Ageing International 27:65-88.

Gans, Daphna, and Merril Silverstein. 2006. "Norms of filial responsibility for aging parents across time and generations." Journal of Marriage and the Family 68(4):961-976.

Hareven, Tamara. 1994.  “Aging and Generational Relations: A Historical and Life Course Perspective.”  Annual Review of Sociology, 20: 437-461.

Logan, John R., Fuqin Bian, and Yanjie Bian. 1998. "Tradition and Change in the Urban Chinese Family: The case of living arrangements." Social Forces 76(3):851-882.

Silverstein, Merril, and Vern L. Bengston. 1997. "Intergenerational solidarity and the structure of adult child-parent relationships in American families." American J of Sociology 103(2):429-460.

Soldo, Beth J., and Martha Hill. 1993. "Intergenerational transfers: Economic demographic, and social perspectives." Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics 13:187-216.

Swartz, Teresa T.  2009.  “Intergenerational Family Relations in Adulthood: Patterns, Variations, and Implications in Contemporary US”  Annual Review of Sociology, 35: 191-212.

Takagi, Emiko, Merril Silverstein, and Eileen Crimmins. 2007. "Intergenerational coresidence of older adults in Japan: Conditions for cultural plasticity." Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences 62(5):S330-S339.

Victor, Christina, Sasha Scambler, John Bond, Ann Bowling.  2000.  “Being Alone in Later Life: Loneliness, Social Isolation, and Living Alone.”  Reviews in Clinical Gerontology, 10 (4): 407-417.

Wolf, D.A. 1999. “The family as provider of long-term care: Efficiency, equity and externalities.” Journal of Aging and Health. 11: 360-382.

Zimmer, Zachary, and Kim Korinek. 2008. "Does family size predict whether an older adult lives with or proximate to an adult child in the Asia-Pacific region?" Asian Population Studies 4(2):135-159.




Overview & Background

This first section lists foundational readings related to the theories, concepts, and measurement issues that need to be considered when studying health from a social perspective. 


*Books*  (can probably be skimmed)

Aneshensel, Phelan, and Bierman (Eds.). 2013. Handbook of the Sociology of Mental Health. New York: Springer.

Chloe E. Bird, Peter Conrad, Allen M. Fremont, Stefan Timmermans (Eds.). 2010. Handbook of Medical Sociology.  Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.

Finch, Caleb F., James W. Vaupel, and Kevin Kinsella (eds). 2001.  Cells to Surveys: Should Biological Measures Be Included on Social Science Surveys.  National Academies Press.

Kawachi, Ichiro, and Lisa F. Berkman. 2000. Social Epidemiology. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Kitagawa, Evelyn M. & Phillip M. Hauser.  1973.  Differential Mortality in the United States: A Study in Socioeconomic Epidemiology.  Cambridge, MA:  Harvard University Press. 

Laveist, Thomas A. (ed.). 2005. Minority Populations and Health. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass

Marmot, Michael G., and Richard G. Wilkinson (Eds.). 1999. Social Determinants of Health. New York: Oxford University Press Inc.

Mirowsky, John and Catherine Ross. 2003. Social Causes of Psychological Distress. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter/Transaction.

Mirowsky, John and Catherine Ross. 2003. Education, Social Status, and Health. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine

de Gruyter/Transaction.


*Articles & Chapters*

Armstrong, David. 2000. "Social theorizing about health and illness." in Handbook of Social Studies in Health and Medicine, edited by Gary L. Albrecht, Ray Fitzpatrick, and Susan C. Scrimshaw. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Cassel, John. 1976. "The contribution of the social environment to host resistance." American Journal of Epidemiology 104:107-122.

Cockerham, William. 2005. "Health Lifestyle Theory and the Convergence of Agency and Structure." Journal of Health & Social Behavior 46:51-67.

Ferraro, Kenneth and Melissa Farmer.  1999.  “Utility of Health Data from Social Surveys: Is There a Gold Standard for Measuring Morbidity?”  American Sociological Review  64: 303-315.

Ferraro, Kenneth and Tetyana Shippee. 2009. "Aging and Cumulative Inequality: How Does Inequality Get under the Skin?" The Gerontologist 49:333-343.

Goldman, Noreen. 1994. "Social factors and health: The causation-selection issue revisited." Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 91:1251-1255.

Grollman, Eric A.  2014.  "Multiple Disadvantages Statuses and Health: The Role of Multiple Forms of Discrimination"  Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 55 (1), 3-19.

Leonard S & Yen IH. 2000. “Social epidemiology and medical sociology: Different approaches to the same problem.” In Handbook of Medical Sociology by Bird CE, Conrad P & Fremont AM (eds.). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Link, Bruce G. 2008. "Epidemiological Sociology and the Social Shaping of Population Health." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 49:367-384.

Link, Bruce G., and Jo Phelan. 1995. "Social conditions as fundamental causes of disease." Journal of Health and Social Behavior:80-95.

Link, Bruce G., Jo Phelan, R. Miech, and E. L. Westin. 2008. "The resources that matter: Fundamental social causes of health disparities and the challenge of intelligence." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 49:72-91.

Phelan, J., et al. 2004. “Fundamental causes of social inequality in mortality: a test of the theory.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 45(Sept):265-285.

Phelan J, Link BG & Tehranifar P. 2010. “Social conditions as fundamental causes of health inequalities: Theory, evidence, and policy implications” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 51: S28‐S40.

Salomon, J, Tandon, A, and Murray, CJL.  2004.  Comparability of Self-Rated Health: Cross-Sectional Multi Country Survey Using Anchoring Vignettes.  British Medical Journal, 328.

Schnittker, Jason and Jane McLeod. 2005. “The Social Psychology of Health Disparities.” Annual Review of Sociology 31:75−103.

Sen, A.  2002.  "Health:Perception versus Observation."  British Medical Journal, 324: 860-861.

Umberson, Debra, Kristi Williams, Patricia Thomas, Hui Lie, Mieke Beth Thomeer.  2014.  "Race, Gender, and Chains of Disadvantage: Childhood Adversity, Social Relationships, and Health."  Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 55 (1): 20-38.


Stress & Health

Aneshensel, Carol. 1992. “Social Stress: Theory and Research.” Annual Review of Sociology 18:15-38.

Lin, Nan and Walter Ensel. 1989. “Life Stress and Health: Stressors and Resources.” American Sociological Review 54:382-399.

McEwen, Bruce. 1998. ‘‘Protective and Damaging Effects of Stress Mediators’’ The New England Journal ofMedicine 338:171-179.

Nielsen, N. et al. 2008.  “Perceived stress and cause-specific mortality among men and women: results from a prospective cohort study.” American Journal of Epidemiology 168(5): 481-91.

Pearlin, Leonard, Elizabeth Menaghan, Morton Lieberman, and Joseph Mullan. 1981. “The Stress Process.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 22:337-356.

Pearlin, Leonard. 1989. “The Sociological Study of Stress.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 30:241-256.

Simon, Robin. 2000. "The Importance of Culture in Sociological Theory and Research on Stress and Mental Health: A Missing Link." Pp. 68−78 in Handbook of Medical Sociology, edited by C. Bird, P. Conrad, and A. Freemont. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Taylor, Shelley, Rena Repetti, and Teresa Seeman. 1997. “Health Psychology: What is an Unhealthy Environment and How Does It Get Under the Skin?” Annual Review of Psychology 48:411-447.

Thoits, Peggy A.1995. “Stress, Coping and Social Support Processes: Where Are We? What

                Next?” Journal of Health and Social Behavior (Extra Issue): 53-79.

Thoits, Peggy. 1999. “Self, Identity, Stress, and Mental Health.” Pp. 345-368 in Handbook of the

Sociology of Mental Health, edited by Carol Aneshensel and Jo Phelan. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

Turner, R. Jay, Blair Wheaton, and Donald Lloyd. 1995. “The Epidemiology of Social Stress.” American Sociological Review 60:104−125.



Life-Course Perspectives on Health

Anderson, N. B. (1998). Levels of Analysis in Health Science: A Framework for Integrating Sociobehavior and Biomedical Research. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 840(1), 563-576.

Barker, DJP.  1992.  “The maternal and fetal origins of cardiovascular disease”.  Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health: 46 (1): 8-11.

Ben-Shlomo, Y. & Kuh, D. (2002). A Life Course Approach to Chronic Disease Epidemiology: Conceptual Models, Empirical Challenges and Interdisciplinary Perspectives. International Journal of    Epidemiology, 31, 285-293

Benson, Janel.  2014.  "Reevaluating the 'Subjective Weathering' Hypothesis: Subjective Aging, Coping Resources, and the Stress Process.  Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 55 (1).  73-90.

Carey, J.  1997.  “What demographers can learn from fruit fly actuarial mofels and biology.”  Demography, 34 (1): 17-30. 

Elo, I. & S. Preston (1992) “Effects of early life conditions on adult mortality: a review.” Population Index 58(2):186-212.

Finch, C.  & Crimmins, E.  2004. “Inflammatory Exposure and Historical Changes in Human Lifespan.  Science: 305: 1736-1739.

Garbarski, Dana.  2014.  "The Interplay between Child and Maternal Health: Reciprocal Relationships and Cumulative Disadvantage During Childhood and Adolescence."  Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 55 (1), 91-106.

Gluckman, P and Hanson, M.  2006. The Developmental Origins of Health and Disease.  Cambridge.

Hayward, M. (2004) “The long arm of childhood: The influence of early-life social conditions on men’s mortality.” Demography 41(1):87-107.

Mannheim, Karl. 1952. "The Problem of Generations."  In K. Mannheim (ed.). Essays on the Sociology of Knowledge. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. 276-322. Original work published in 1928.

Naess, O, et al (2006) “Life-course influences on mortality at older ages.” Social Science & Medicine 62:329-336.

Norton, M, Smith, KR, et al.  2011.  “Early Parental Death and Remarriage of Widowed Parents as Risk-Factors for Alzheimers Disease:  The Cache County Study.”  American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 19 (9): 814-824.

Palloni, A. et al.  2009.  “Early Childhood health, reproduction of economic inequality, and the persistence of health and mortality differentials.  Social Science and Medicine, 44 (1)

Power, C., E. Hypponen & D. Smith. 2005. “Socioeconomic position in childhood and early adult life and risk of mortality.” American Journal of Public Health 95(8):1396-1402.

Preston, S., M. Hill, & G. Drevenstedt. 1998. “Childhood conditions that predict survival to advanced ages among African Americans.” Social Science & Medicine 47:1231-46.

Preston, Samuel H.  1982. “Relations Between Individual Life Cycles and Population Characteristics.” American Sociological Review. 47: 253-264.

Riley, Matilda White. 1987. "On the Significance of Age in Sociology." American Sociological Review 52: 1-14.

Ryder, Norman. 1965. "The Cohort as a Concept in the Study of Social Change." American Sociological Review 30: 843-861.

Smith, KR, Mineau, G, Garibotti, G, Kerber, R.  2009.  “Effects of Childhood, and MIdlle-Adulthood Family Conditions on Later-Life Mortality: Evidence from the Utah Population Database, 1850-2002.  Social Science and Medicine, 68 (9): 1649-1658. 


Social Relationships, Marriage, and Health

Barrera, Manuel. 1986. “Distinctions Between Social Support Concepts, Measures, and Models.” American Journal of Community Psychology 14:413-445.

Berkman, Lisa F., and S. Leonard Syme. 1979. "Social networks, host resistance, and mortality: a nine-year follow-up study of Alameda County residents." American Journal of Epidemiology 109:186-203.

Berkman, Lisa. F., T. Glass, I. Brissette, and T.E. Seeman. 2000. "From social integration to health: Durkheim in the new millennium." Social Science & Medicine 51:843-857.

Cobb, Sidney. 1976. “Social Support as a Moderator of Life Stress.” Psychosomatic Medicine 38:300-313.

Cohen, Sheldon and Thomas Wills. 1985. “Stress, Social Support, and the Buffering Hypothesis.” Psychological Bulletin 98:310-357.

Horn, E. E., Y. Xu, C. R. Beam, E. Turkheimer and R. E. Emery. 2013. "Accounting for the Physical and Mental Health Benefits of Entry into Marriage: A Genetically Informed Study of Selection and Causation." Journal of Family Psychology, 27(1):30-41.

House, James, Karl Landis, and Debra Umberson. 1988. “Social Relationships and Health.” Science 241:540−545.

House, James S. 2001. "Social isolation kills, but how and why?" Psychosomatic Medicine 63:273-274.

Krause, Neal and Karen Rook. 2003. “Negative Interaction and Late Life: Issues in the Stability and Generalizability of Conflict Across Relationships.” Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences 58B:P88-P99.

Manzoli, L., et al. 2007. “Marital status and mortality in the elderly: a systematic review and meta-analysis.” Social Science & Medicine 64:77-94.

Rogers, Richard G. 1996. "The effects of family composition, health, and social support linkages on mortality." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 37:326-338.

Simon, R. W. (2002). Revisiting the relationships among gender, marital status, and mental health. American Journal of Sociology, 107(4), 1065-1096.

Rooks, Karen. 1984. “The Negative Side of Social Interaction: Impact on Psychological Well-Being.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 46:1097-1108.

Seeman, Teresa E. 2000. "Health promoting effects of friends and family on health outcomes in older adults." American Journal of Health Promotion 14:362-370.

Uchino, Bert, Darcy Uno, and Julianne Holt-Lunstad. 1999. “Social support, physiological processes, and health.” Current Directions in Psychological Science 8:218-221.

Umberson, Debra, Robert Crosnoe, and Corinne Reczek. 2010. "Social Relationships and Health Behavior Across the Life Course." Annual Review of Sociology 36: 139-157

Umberson D, Williams K, Powers DA, Liu H & Needham B. 2006. “You make me sick: Marital

quality and health over the life course” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 47:1‐16.

Utz, Rebecca; Caserta, M; Lund, D.  2012  Grief, Depressive Symptoms, and Physical Health Among RecentlyBereaved.  Gerontologist, 52 (4):  460-471.

Waite, Linda J. 1995. "Does marriage matter?" Demography 32:483-506.



Health Differentials

    * by Sex/Gender *


Case, A. & C. Paxon. 2005. “Sex differences in morbidity and mortality.” Demography 42(#2, May):189-214.

Courtenay, Will. 2000. “Constructions of Masculinity and their Influence on Men’s Well-being: A Theory of Gender and Health.” Social Science & Medicine 50:1385−1401.

Ferraro, K. & T. Nuriddin. 2006. “Psychological distress and mortality: are women more vulnerable?” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 47 (#3, Sept):227-241

Luy, M. 2003. “Causes of male excess mortality: insights from cloistered populations.” Population & Development Review 29 (4):647-76.

Pampel, F. 2001. “Gender equality and the sex differential in mortality from accidents.” Population Research & Policy Review 20 (5): 397-421.

Pampel, F. 2005. “Forecasting sex differences in mortality in high income nations: the contribution of smoking.” Demographic Research 13(#18): 455-484.

Read, Jen'nan Ghazal and Bridget K. Gorman. 2010. "Gender and Health Inequality." Annual Review of Sociology 36: 371-386

Rosenfield, Sarah and Dena Smith. 2010. “Gender and Mental Health: Do Men and Women Have Different Amounts or Types of Problems?” Pp. 256–267 in Teresa Scheid and Tony Brown, eds., A Handbook for the Study of Mental Health: Social Contexts, Theories, and Systems, 2nd Edition. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Simon, Robin and Leda Nath. 2004. “Gender and Emotion in the United States: Do Men and Women Differ in Self-Reports of Feelings and Expressive Behavior?” American Journal of Sociology 109:1137−1176.

Verbrugge, Lois. 1985. “Gender and Health: An Update on Hypotheses and Evidence.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 26:156−182.

Waldron, I., et al. 2005. “Trends in gender difference in accidents mortality: relationships to changing gender roles and other societal trends. Demographic Research 13(#17): 4515-454.


Health Differentials

    * by Socioeconomic Status (education, class, wealth)*


Adler, Nancy and Joan Ostrove. 1999. “Socioeconomic Status and Health: What We Know and What We Don’t.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 896:3−15.

Anderson N.B. and Armstead C.A.  1995.  “Toward understanding the association of socioeconomic status and health: A new challenge for the biopsychosocial approach.”  Psychosomatic Medicine.  57: 213-225.

Antonovsky, Aaron. 1967. "Social class, life expectancy and overall mortality." Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly 45:31-73.

Basu, Alaka. M. and Robert  Stephenson. 2005. "Low Levels of Maternal Education and the Proximate Determinants of Childhood Mortality: A Little Learning is Not a Dangerous Thing." Social Science and Medicine. 60: 2011-2023.

Dohrenwerd, Bruce, Itshak Levav, Patrik Shrout, Sharon Schwartz, Guedalia Naveh, Bruce Link, Andrew Skodol, and Ann Stueve. 1992. “Socioeconomic Status and Psychiatric Disorders: The Causation-Selection Issue.” Science 255:946-52.

Finch, B. 2003. “Early origins of the gradient: The relationship between socioeconomic status and infant mortality in the United States.” Demography 40(4):675-699.

Gortmaker, Steven L. and Paul H. Wise. 1997. "The First Injustice: Socioeconomic Disparities, Health Services Technology ,and Infant Mortality." Annual Review of Sociology. 23: 147-170.

House JS, Lantz PM, Herd P. 2005.  Continuity and change in the social stratification of aging and health over the life course: Evidence from a nationally representative longitudinal study from 1986 to 2001/2002 (Americans' Changing Lives Study).  Journal of Gerontology: Social Science 60(Spec. 2):15-26.

Hayward, Mark D., Toni P. Miles, Eileen M. Crimmins, and Yu Yang. 2000. "The significance of socioeconomic status in explaining the racial gap in chronic health conditions." American Sociological Review 60:910-930.

Lantz, P., et al., 1998. “Socioeconomic factors, health behaviors, and mortality.” Journal of the American Medical Association 279(21, June):1703-08.

Lynch, John W, George A. Kaplan, and Sara J. Shema. 1997. "Cumulative impact of sustained economic hardship on physical, cognitive psychological and social functioning." New England Journal of Medicine. 337(26):1889-1895.

Montez, Jennifer K., and Anna Zajacova. 2013. Explaining the Widening Education Gap

in Mortality among U.S. White Women." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 54(2):


Reiss, F. 2013. “Socioeconomic inequalities and mental health problems in children and adolescents: a systematic review.” Social Science & Medicine 90, 24-31.

Seeman, T., et al.   2004. “Cumulative biological risk and socio-economic differences in mortality: MacArthur studies of successful aging.” Social Science & Medicine 58(10):1985-1997.

Singh, G. & M. Kogan. 2007. “Widening socioeconomic disparities in US childhood mortality, 1969-2000.” American Journal of Public Health 97: 1658-1665.

Warren, J & E. Hernandez. 2007. “Did socioeconomic inequalities in morbidity and mortality change in the United States over the course of the twentieth century? Journal of Health and Social Behavior 48 (4): 335-351.

Williams, David R. 1990. "Socioeconomic differentials in health: A review and redirection." Social

Psychology Quarterly 53:81-99.

Williams, David R., and Chiquita Collins. 1995. "US socioeconomic and racial differences in health:

Patterns and explanations." Annual Review of Sociology 21:349-386.

Zajacova, Anna. 2006. "Education, Gender, and Mortality: Does Schooling Have the Same

Effect on Mortality for Men and Women in the U.S.?" Social Science and Medicine 63(8):


Zajacova, Anna, Richard G. Rogers, and Vicki Johnson-Lawrence. 2012. Glitch in the

Gradient: Additional Education Does Not Uniformly Equal Better Health." Social Science

and Medicine 75(11): 2001-2012.

Zimmer Z, House JS. 2003.  Education, income, and functional limitation transitions among American

adults:  Contrasting onset and progression.  International Journal of Epidemiology  32, 1089-1097


Health Differentials

   * by Race/Ethnicity*


Bratter, Jenifer and Karl Eschbach. 2005. “Race/Ethnic Differences in Nonspecific Psychological

Distress: Evidence from the National Health Interview Survey.” Social Science Quarterly 86:620−644.

Bamshad, Mike. 2005. ‘‘Genetic Influences on Health: Does Race Matter?’’ Journal of the American

Medical Association 294:937-946.

Crimmins, Eileen M., Jung Ki Kim, Dawan E. Alley, Arun Karlamangla and Teresa Seeman. 2007. “Hispanic paradox in biological risk profiles.” American Journal of Public Health 97 (7): 1305-1310.

Eberstein, I., C. Nam, & K. Heyman. 2009. “Causes of death and mortality crossovers by race.” Biodemography & Social Biology 54 (2):1-15.

Factor, Roni, Ichiro Kawachi, and David Williams. 2011. Understanding High-risk Behavior among Non-

dominant Minorities: A Social Resistance Framework." Social Science & Medicine 73:1292-1301

Franzini, Luisa, John Ribble, and Arlene Keddie. 2001. “Understanding the Hispanic Paradox.” Ethnicity & Disease 11:496−518.

Frisbie, WP, S. Song, D. Powers & J. Street.  2004. “The increasing racial disparity in infant mortality: Respiratory distress syndrome and other causes.” Demography 41 (4):773-800.

Gee GC. 2002. “A multilevel analysis of the relationship between institutional and individual racial discrimination and health status” American Journal of Public Health 92: 615-623.

Gee GC, Spencer MS, Chen J & Takeuchi D. 2007. “A nationwide study of discrimination and

chronic health conditions among Asian Americans” American Journal of Public Health  97: 1275-1282.

Geronimus, A., J. Bound, T. Waidmann, C. Colen & D. Steffick. 2001. “Inequality in life expectancy, functional status, and active life expectancy across selected black and white populations in the United States.” Demography 38 (2):227-51.

Hayward,  Mark D., Toni PM, Crimmins EM & Yang Y. 2000. “The significance of socioeconomic status in

explaining the racial gap in chronic health conditions.” American Sociological Review


Hirschman, Charles, Richard Alba, and Reynolds Farley.  2000.  “The Meaning and Measurement of

Race in the US Census: Glimpses in the Future.”  Demography.  37: 381-393.

Hummer, R. 1996. “Black-white differences in health and mortality: a review and conceptual model.” Sociological Quarterly 37(1): 105-25

Markides, Kyriakos and Jeannine Coreil. 1986. “The Health of Hispanics in the Southwestern United

States: an Epidemiologic Paradox.” Public Health Reports 101:253-265.

Nam, Charles B. 1995. “Another look at mortality crossovers.” Social Biology 42(1-2): 133-42.

Palloni, A. & E. Arias. 2004. “Paradox Lost: Explaining the Hispanic Adult Mortality Advantage.” Demography 41 (3):385-416.

Priest, N., Paradies, Y., Trenerry, B., Truong, M., Karlsen, S., & Kelly, Y. 2013. “A systematic review of studies examining the relationship between reported racism and health and wellbeing for children and young people.” Social Science & Medicine 95: 115-127.

Rogers, R., et al. 2001. “Black-white differentials in adult homicide mortality in the United States.” Social Science Quarterly 82 (3):435-52.

Williams, D, H. Neighbors & J. Jackson. 2003.  “Racial/ethnic discrimination and health: Findings

from community studies.” American Journal of Public Health 93(2):200-208.

Williams, David, Manuela Costa, and Jacinta Leavell. 2010. “Race and Mental Health: Patterns and

Challenges.” Pp. 268–290 in Teresa Scheid and Tony Brown, eds., A Handbook for the Study of Mental Health: Social Contexts, Theories, and Systems, 2nd Edition. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.


Immigration, Acculturation, and Health

Abraido-Lanza AD, Dohrenwend BP, Ng-Mak DS & Turner JB. 1999. "The Latino mortality paradox: a test of the 'salmon bias' and healthy migrant hypotheses" American Journal of Public Health 89:1543-48.

Abraido-Lanza AF, Chao MT & Florez KR. 2005. “Do healthy behaviors decline with greater acculturation:

Implications for the Latino mortality paradox” Social Science & Medicine 61:1243-1255.

Frisbie WP, Cho Y & Hummer RA. 2001. "Immigration and the health of Asian and Pacific Islander Adults

in the United States" American Journal of Epidemiology 153:372-380.

Gordon-Larsen P, Harris KM, Ward DS, & Popkin BM. 2003. "Acculturation and overweight-related behaviors among Hispanic immigrants to the US: The National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health" Social Science & Medicine 57:2023-2034.

Guendelman S, Fernandez A, Thornton D & Brindis C. 2011. “Birthplace, language use, and

body size among Mexican American women and men: Findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001-2006” Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved 22:590-605

Hummer RA, Powers DA, Pullum SG, Gossman GL & Frisbie WP. 2004. "Paradox found (again): Infant mortality among the Mexican-origin population in the United States" Demography 44:441-457.

Jasso G, Massey DS, Rosenzweig MR & Smith JP. 2004. "Immigrant Health: Selectivity and Acculturation," pp. 227-267 in Critical Perspectives on Racial and Ethnic Differences in Health and Late Life, National Research Council.

Landale NS, Oropesa RS, Llanes D & Gorman B. 1999. "Does Americanization have adverse effects on health? Stress, health habits and infant health outcomes among Puerto Ricans" Social Forces 78:613-41.

Lauderdale DS & Rathouz PJ. 2000. “Body mass index in a US national sample of Asian

Americans: effects of nativity, years since immigration and socioeconomic status” International Journal of Obesity 24:1188-1194.

Markides, KS & Eschbach K. 2005. "Aging, migration and mortality: Current status of research on the

Hispanic paradox" Journals of Gerontology Psychological and Social Sciences 60:S68-S75.

Read JG & Reynolds MM. 2012. "Gender differences in immigrant health: The case of Mexican and Middle Eastern immigrants" Journal of Health and Social Behavior 53:99-123.

Salant T & Lauderdale DS. 2003. “Measuring culture: A critical review of acculturation and

health in Asian immigrant populations” Social Science & Medicine 57:71-90.

Uppaluri CR, Schumm LP & Lauderdale DS. 2001. “Self-reports of stress in Asian immigrants:

Effects of ethnicity and acculturation.” Ethnicity and Disease 11:107-114.



Place, Space, & Health

 * Overview *


Kawachi, Ichoro and Lisa Berkman. 2003. Neighborhoods and Health. New York, NY: Oxford.

Macintyre, Sally, Anne Ellaway, and Steve Cummins. 2002. "Place effects on health: how can we conceptualize, operationalize and measure them." Social Science and Medicine 55:125-139.

Macintyre, Sally, Sheila Maciver, and Anne Sooman. 1993. "Area, class and health: should we be focusing on places or people?" Journal of Social Policy 22:213-234.

Sampson, Robert J., Jeffery D. Morenoff, and T. Gannon-Rowley. 2002. "Assessing "neighborhood effects": Social processes & new directions in research." Annual Review of Sociology 28:443-78.

Sharkey, P. & Faber, JW. 2014. “Where, when, why, and for whom do residential contexts matter? Moving away from the dichotomous understanding of neighborhood effects.” Annual Review of Sociology 40:27.1-27.21.


Place, Space, & Health

    * Socioeconomic Status*


Robert, Stephanie A., and James S. House. 2000. "Socioeconomic inequalities in health: integrating individual-, community, and societal-level theory and research." in The Handbook of Social Studies in Health and Medicine, edited by G.L. Albrecht, R. Fitzpatrick, and S. Scrimshaw. London: Sage.

Robert, Stephanie A. 1998. "Community-level socioeconomic status effects on adult health." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 39(March):18-37.

Ross, Catherine E. 2000. "Walking, Exercising, and Smoking: Does Neighborhood Matter?"

Social Science and Medicine 51:265-74.

Ross, Catherine and John Mirowsky. 2001. “Neighborhood Disadvantage, Disorder, and Health.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 42:258−276.

Wen, Ming, Christopher R. Browning, and Katheleen A. Cagney. 2003. "Poverty, affluence and income inequality: Neighborhood economic structure and its implications for self-rated health." Social Science & Medicine 57:843-860



Place, Space, & Health

    * Social capital and collective efficacy*


Browning, C., et al. 2006. “Neighborhood social processes, physical conditions, and disaster-related mortality: the case of the 1995 Chicago heat wave.” American Sociological Review 71 (#4, Aug):661-678.

Carpiano, R. M. 2006. "Toward a neighborhood resource-based theory of social capital for health: can Bourdieu and sociology help?" Soc Sci Med 62:165-75.

Forrest, Ray, and Ade Kearns. 2001. "Social cohesion, social capital and the neighborhood." Urban Studies 38:2125-2143.

Kawachi, Ichoro and Lisa Berkman. 2000. "Social cohesion, social capital, and health." In Social

Epidemiology by  Berkman LF & Kawachi I (eds.). New York: Oxford University Press.

Kawachi, Ichiro, Bruce P. Kennedy, and Roberta Glass. 1999. "Social capital and self-rated health: a contextual analysis." American Journal of Public Health 89:1189-93.

Sampson, Robert J, Stephen Raudenbush & Felton Earls. 1997. "Neighborhoods and violent crime: A multilevel study of collective efficacy." Science 277:918-924.


Place, Space, & Health

   * Income Inequality*


Kawachi, Ichiro and Bruce P. Kennedy. 1999. "Income inequality and health: pathways and mechanisms." Health Services Research 34:215-27.

Lynch, John W. 2000. "Income inequality and health: expanding the debate." Social Science & Medicine 51:1001-1005.

Lynch, John W. and George A. Kaplan. 1997. "Understanding how inequality in the distribution of income affects health." Journal of Health Psychology 2:297-314.

Lynch, John W. 2000. "Income inequality and health: expanding the debate." Social Science & Medicine  


Marmot, Michael, and Richard G. Wilkinson. 2001. "Psychosocial and material pathways in the relation

                between income and health: a response to Lynch et al." British Medical Journal 322:1233-6.

Subramanian, S. V., I. Kawachi, and G. D. Smith. 2007. "Income inequality and the double burden of under- and overnutrition in India." Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 61:802-809.

Wilkinson, Richard G. and Kate E. Pickett. 2006. "Income inequality and population health: A review and explanation of the evidence." Social Science and Medicine 62:1768-1784.


Place, Space, & Health

*Residential Segregation*


Chang VW, Hillier AE & Mehta NK. 2009. “Neighborhood racial isolation, disorder and obesity”

Social Forces 87:2063‐2092.

LaVeist TA. 2003. “Racial segregation and longevity among African Americans: An Individual‐Level

analysis” Health Services Research 38:1719‐1733.

Lee MA & Ferraro KF. 2007. “Neighborhood residential segregation and physical health among

Hispanic Americans: Good, bad, or benign?” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 48:131-148.

Osypuk TL, Diez‐Roux A, Hadley C & Kandula NR. 2009. “Are immigrant enclaves healthy places

to live? The Multi‐ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis” Social Science & Medicine 69: 110‐120.

Smaje C. 1995. “Ethnic residential concentration and health: Evidence for a positive effect?” Policy

and Politics 23: 251‐269.

Walton, Emily. 2009. “Residential segregation and birth weight among racial and ethnic minorities in

the United States” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 50:427‐442.

Walton, Emily. 2012. “Resurgent Ethnicity among Asian Americans: Ethnic Neighborhood Context

and Health.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 53: 378-394.

Wen M & Maloney T. 2011. “Latino residential isolation and the risk of obesity in Utah: The role of

neighborhood socioeconomic, built-environmental, and cultural context” Journal of Immigrant

and Minority Health13:1134–1141

White K & Borrell LN. 2009. “Racial/ethnic residential segregation: Framing the context of health

risk and health disparities” Health & Place 17:438‐448.

Williams, David R. & Collins C. 2001. “Racial residential segregation: A fundamental cause of racial

disparities in health” Public Health Reports 116 5:404‐416.


Place, Space, & Health

   *Built or Physical Environment*


Berrigan JP et al. 2014. “Effects of buffer size and shape on associations between the built

environment and energy balance” Health & Place 27:162-170

Sallis JF, Floyd MF, Rodriguez DA & Saelens BE. “Role of Built Environments in Physical Activity, Obesity, and Cardiovascular Disease” Circulation 125:729-737

Smith K, Brown B et al. 2008. “Walkability and body mass index: Density, Design and New Diversity Measures” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 35(3):237-244.

Wen M & Kowaleski-Jones L. 2012. “The built environment and risk of obesity in the United States: Racial-ethnic disparities” Health & Place 18: 1314-1322

Wen M & Zhang XY. 2009. “Contextual effects of built and social environments of urban neighborhoods on exercise: A multilevel study in Chicago” American Journal of Health Promotion 23(4):247-254

Zhang XY, et al. 2014. “Neighborhood commuting environment and obesity in the United States: An urban-rural stratified multilevel analysis” Preventive Medicine 59:31-36.